AFTER THE 2/12th AND THE U.S. DEPARTED VIET NAM TO PRESENT DATE
The 1st Brigade, 101st Airborne Div. is tactically withdrawn from Vietnam. [MYER]
The 2nd Brigade, 101st Airborne Div. is tactically withdrawn from Vietnam. [MYER]
President Nixon visits Peking and meets with Mao Zedong. North Vietnam fears a deal to their disadvantage.
Korean Marines leave Vietnam
101st Airborne leaves Vietnam
Australian Task Force withdraws
The Easter Offensive begins - Equipped with Soviet Tanks, Vo Nguyen Giap’s North Vietnamese Army launch a
large-scale assault across the DMZ into Quang Tri province
In response to the Communist's Easter Offensive, President Nixon authorizes U.S. bombing of North Vietnam
up to the 18th parallel.
2nd Squadron 11th Armored Cavalry Regiment departs Vietnam
Launching a second prong to their Easter Offensive, North Vietnamese forces drive into Binh Long Province
and begin an assault on An Loc (65 miles northwest of Saigon)
9 APR 72
At 1400 hours, C Battery, 2nd Battalion 94th Field Artillery fired the last American heavy artillery round in
Vietnam. Hill 34, RVN (AT989714). [Ntl. Archives]
North Vietnamese launch a third phase of the Easter Offensive, striking from northern Cambodia into the
Central Highlands and aiming for Kontum City
26 APR 72
The 101st NVA Regiment left the Ho Bo woods and occupied Trung Lap & Phuoc Hiep. They were driven out by
the South Vietnamese Army.
North Vietnamese forces capture Quang Tri city
Nixon orders the mining of North Vietnam’s ports and rivers in order to cut off the Communist's supply line
U.S. Air Force begins Operation Linebacker, the sustained bombing of North Vietnam's military installations,
storage facilities and transportation network. The campaign aims to destroy the Communist's ability to
sustain it's Easter Offensive by cutting off supply routes into North Vietnam and by stopping any NVA
reinforcements from entering South Vietnam.
After weeks of fierce fighting, Kontum City is cleared of NVA and declared secure
Five burglars are arrested for breaking into the Democratic National Committee offices at the Watergate
building in Washington D.C
After withstanding heavy artillery bombardment, an ARVN counteroffensive, combined with US air strikes,
forces the NVA to withdraw from An Loc
3rd Brigade 1st Cavalry leaves Vietnam
196th Infantry Brigade (Light) leaves for home
New Zealand troops leave Vietnam
General Frederick C. Weyand takes over as MACV Commander from General Creighton Abrams
Trung Lap village is again occupied. The 3rd Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division and 196th (Light) Infantry Brigade are
tactically withdrawn from Vietnam. [MYER]
Jane Fonda delivers an anti-war message on Hanoi Radio
9th Marine Amphibious Brigade leaves Vietnam
23 AUG 72
3rd Battalion, 21st Infantry, the last U.S. ground combat Battalion withdraws from Vietnam
After weeks of intense fighting, ARVN forces recapture Quang Tri city effectively ending North Vietnam's
Kissinger and Le Duc Tho draft a 9-point cease fire agreement to be signed in Paris on October 30th by the
U.S., South Vietnam (GVN), North Vietnam (DRV) and the PRG. The agreement:
Covers the exchange of POWs
Allows North Vietnamese troops to remain in the South Vietnam after the cease fire
Creates a National Council of National Reconciliation and Concord (NCNRC) (comprised of the GVN, PRG and a
neutral third party) to oversee implementation of the agreement in South Vietnam
Reaffirms the 1954 agreement that the 17th parallel DMZ is a temporary demarcation line and not a political
or territorial boundary. Reunification is to be achieved through peaceful means.
Contains a U.S. pledge to supply aid for the reconstruction of Indochina including North Vietnam
12 OCT 72
The 101st PAVN - joined by the 271st NVA Regt. & 7th National Liberation Division - invade Trang Bang, Hau
28 OCT 72
SAIGON (UPI) ...... Communists also lobbed eight 122mm rockets into the old Cu Chi Base camp, formerly
occupied by the U.S. 25th Infantry Division - under cover of the barrage aimed at the base, now occupied by
the South Vietnamese 25th Division, they invaded three hamlets, within four miles northwest of Cu Chi
District Town, military sources said. Cu Chi is 21 miles northwest of Saigon.
It brought to five the number of hamlets near Highway 1 in the Cu Chi area into which the Communists have
moved in 36 hours, military sources said. Government regulars and militiamen were moving in to try to drive
the Communists out of the area but Highway 1, the main road between Saigon and Phnom Penh, remained
cut between Cu Chi and Trang Bang, 30 miles northwest of Saigon, military sources said. 9th After weeks of
fierce fighting, Kontum City is cleared of NVA and declared secure.
17th Five burglars are arrested for breaking into the Democratic National Committee offices at the Watergate
building in Washington D.C.
18th After withstanding heavy artillery bombardment, an ARVN counteroffensive, combined with US air strikes,
forces the NVA to withdraw from An Loc
26th 3rd Brigade 1st Cavalry leaves Vietnam
29th 196th Infantry Brigade (Light) leaves for home
New Zealand troops leave Vietnam
30th General Frederick C. Weyand takes over as MACV Commander from General Creighton Abrams
Hanoi agrees to resume negotiations with the U.S
President Nixon is re-elected
1st Signal Brigade departs Vietnam
The logistical base at Long Bien is turned over to the South Vietnamese, marking the end of direct U.S. Army
participation in the war
The Paris peace negotiations collapse
Nixon warns the North Vietnamese that they have 72-hours to return to negotiations. The ultimatum is
Operation Linbacker II (aka Christmas bombing) begins. The most intensive bombing campaign of the
Vietnam War, Linebacker II is designed to force the North Vietnamese to come to a quick agreement on the
cease fire and targets the Hanoi and Haiphong areas
Hanoi agrees to reopen negotiations in Paris
Nixon suspends Linebacker II, though the bombing of military targets in southern North Vietnam continues
U.S. troop levels in Vietnam: 24,200
Nixon announces a halt to all U.S. offensive action against the North
It is estimated that there is 145,000 NVA troops in South Vietnam
Peace Pact is signed in Paris. End of military draft announced
ROK Capital Division returns home to South Korea.
Major Floyd Thompson is released by North Vietnam, he was captured in March 1964
1st Aviation Brigade leaves for home and is the cut of date for the award of the Vietnam Service
medal and Campaign medal
MACV HQ is disbanded and the 18th MP Brigade leaves Saigon.
The withdrawal of all U.S. troops from South Vietnam is complete and release of 590 U.S. POW’s
held by communist forces in Vietnam are completed.
U.S. Navy starts to clear mines from North Vietnamese ports and rivers.
U.S.A.F. Operations Arc Light and Freedom Deal end as U.S. officially ceases bombing in Cambodia
and thus direct U.S. military action in South East Asia ceases.
U.S. military personnel limited to 50.
Nixon resigns the Presidency. Vice President Gerald Ford becomes President
President Ford offers an amnesty to draft dodgers from the Vietnam War period.
There are still only 50 U.S. military personnel in Vietnam
North Vietnamese politburo orders offensive to ‘Liberate’ South Vietnam by NVA cross-boarder
President Nguyen Van Thieu orders the withdrawal of ARVN forces from II Corps, central highlands.
U.S. Navy conducts Operation Eagle Pull to evacuate U.S. Embassy staff from Phnom Penh.
Cambodia falls to the Khmer Rouge
NVA begins attack on Saigon, Corporal Charles McMahon, Jr. U.S.M.C and Lance Corporal Darwin
Lodge U.S.M.C are the last U.S. military personnel killed in Vietnam, struck by shrapnel from an NVA
U.S. Navy conducts Operation Frequent Wind to evacuate all U.S. personnel and selected South
Vietnamese from the rooftop of the U.S. Embassy in Saigon. The final Marines who had been sent in
to help with evacuation of the Embassy are the very last to leave South Vietnam as the NVA enter
North Vietnamese troops enter Saigon and smash the gates of the Presidential Palace with a tank
and accept the unconditional surrender of South Vietnam.
The Vietnam War has ended after almost 20 years of continuous fighting..